The Icelandic Language Institute
The Icelandic Language Institute (ILI) opened on January 1, 1985. It was the secretariat of the Icelandic Language Council under the aegis of the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture. As the official body responsible for language planning and preservation, ILI operations were in accordance with Icelandic Law No. 2/1990.
The ILI’s roles were to answer linguistic questions, offer educational guidelines, and provide official resolution on questions of language usage. This was done mainly by telephone, e-mail and postal communication with the Icelandic authorities, the public, firms, institutions, etc. The ILI also published educational papers and books in Icelandic and the other Nordic languages. A special advising service was set up for translators.
Neologistic and Terminological Work
The ILI was a clearing house for neologisms and terminologies occurring in Icelandic. The ILI had information on at least 50 different fields of expertise where Icelandic experts have developed special language glossaries. The Institute concentrated its efforts on providing the active terminology committees in Iceland with linguistic advice and technical assistance.
In 1997 the Institute opened a word bank on the Internet. This database now contains 52 special language glossaries, 38 of which are accessible in a single multidisciplinary search. All glossaries contain terms in Icelandic. Beside Icelandic, the most common language represented in the glossaries is English, but many of the glossaries are multilingual. The most frequent additional languages are Danish, German, Norwegian, Swedish and French, respectively.
Another project at the Institute was making native neologisms, language-usage tips, and advice available on the Internet.
The Icelandic Language Council cooperates with other Nordic language councils. The council is a member of the Nordic Language Council, founded by the Nordic Council of Ministers. The Icelandic Language Council also participates in Nordterm, the Nordic Organisation for Terminology. The Icelandic Language Institute participates in the International Network of Terminology Information and Documentation Centres, TDCnet, and is a member of the International Terminology Organisation, Infoterm.